When marijuana became legal across Canada, its impact went beyond the lives of its users. The Cannabis Act, or Bill C-45, that came into effect on October 17, 2018, sent ripples across the life insurance industry as well - there was now one more lifestyle factor to consider in the lives of customers.
Since then, the industry has made adjustments around marijuana and life insurance, from the way they processed applicants to the way they calculated premiums. More importantly, marijuana users have since been able to purchase life insurance policies that match their needs and lifestyle without necessarily having to pay higher, 'smoker rate' premiums.
In this piece, we'll go over those factors - the frequently asked questions, the types of policies available, and the key things you need to think about when shopping around for a life insurance policy as a marijuana user.
Read More About:
- Key Takeaways on Marijuana and Life Insurance
- Life Insurance Before Marijuana Legalization
- Marijuana & Life Insurance Today: How Do Insurance Companies Regard Marijuana Users?
- Life Insurance for Casual Marijuana Users VS. Regular Users
- Do I Need a Drug Test When Applying for Life Insurance as a Marijuana User?
- What Questions do Life Insurance Companies Ask When it Comes to Marijuana?
- Final Thoughts
Key Takeaways on Marijuana and Life Insurance
- The legalization of marijuana forced life insurance providers to re-evaluate how it impacted their premium rates
- If you are a recreational marijuana user, some life insurance providers (like PolicyMe) will still give you instant approval on your policy
- If you use marijuana medically or more moderately (based on frequency or dosage), you will be referred to an underwriter to get more information on your usage
- However, life insurance applications with marijuana are very possible!
Life Insurance Before Marijuana Legalization
Prior to Bill C-45, insurers had already been rethinking life insurance offerings for the cannabis-using set. Public attitudes toward marijuana were shifting, and the number of users was growing. Insurance companies started paying attention as marijuana became a part of more and more people's lives - and evolve alongside the changes.
So they began to update underwriting protocols. One of the biggest changes was taking marijuana out of the high-risk category that tobacco occupies. Some of the bigger insurance companies started doing this as early as 2016, stating that marijuana users would no longer be charged smoker rates unless they were also using tobacco.
Others distinguished users by the purpose and frequency of their usage. Those who used it no more than twice a week, for recreational purposes, could qualify for non-smoker rates, for example. Those who needed it for medical purposes would have coverage rates to match.
Marijuana & Life Insurance Today: How Do Insurance Companies Regard Marijuana Users?
Here are how some of the factors that insurance companies consider when creating quotes for marijuana users.
When applying for a life insurance policy, companies will have to rely on customer disclosure regarding their marijuana use. Most policies require medical exams to back this up, specifically a blood test and/or a urine test, although policies also exist that skip these tests altogether. More on that in a bit.
In addition to medical test results, other factors that come to play are your general health, lifestyle, your family's medical history, and whether or not you use tobacco as well. Life insurance companies use determinants to identify whether you're a low-risk or a high-risk policyholder. You're likely considered higherrisk and pay higher premiums if you smoke or live with health conditions.
Marijuana Use: Frequency, Methods & Purpose
Likewise, marijuana users are classified as low- or high-risk depending on how often they use marijuana; whether they smoke or ingest it; and whether they use it for recreational or medical purposes.
For some insurance providers, there is no difference between smoking a joint or enjoying a magic brownie; whether you do one or the other will yield the same life insurance policy rate and coverage. Other companies, though, are easier on the edibles and will offer a non-smoker rate even if you're enjoying a weed brownie every day—as long as you keep your weed smoking to two cigarettes or less a week. Cannabidiol, or CBD oil, is less likely to affect insurance premiums.
Recreational marijuana use is typically considered low-risk. Other health factors include histories of mental illness or anxiety disorders - paired with marijuana, these can become greater risk factors. Another area to consider is whether marijuana impairs or affects your driving in any way.
As a rule of thumb: the poorer the health, the riskier the lifestyle, and/or the greater the number of risk factors, the higher the life insurance premiums will typically be.
Life Insurance for Casual Marijuana Users VS. Regular Users
As a marijuana user, it's important to pay attention to what an insurance company considers 'frequent use'.
Some companies peg two joints or less per week as 'casual' or infrequent; others have a higher cap of up to four joints per week. More than that and companies will classify you as a regular or frequent user. With that, you carry similar risks as that of a smoker.
That said, there are three types of life insurance policies you can get. The first two are standard life insurance policies with 1) non-smoker or 2) smoker rates.
A fully underwritten policy does require urine or blood samples. While the non-smoker rate is much less expensive than the smoker one, they are both generally affordable for marijuana users. Be prepared to undergo the aforementioned exams and provide a full medical history with either of these. You'll be paying less for insurance premiums if you're approved on the bright side!
The third option involves no medical exams. They are classified as a 1) simplified issue life insurance, which includes a series of health-related questions but without the medical exam; or 2) guaranteed issue life insurance, which involves no questions or medical exams. Without any underwriting, the risk to the insurance company will be greater, resulting in a more expensive insurance policy - and sometimes even for less coverage. Some non-medical policies also include a 'no benefits period', which could look like a full two years before being eligible for any payout should something happen to you.
Do I Need a Drug Test When Applying for Life Insurance as a Marijuana User?
As we've seen, there are options that do not involve taking a drug test when applying for life insurance as a marijuana user.
Going through an underwriting process is required for any non-medical life insurance policies. The full underwriting requires a medical, including a drug test.
Blood tests and urine tests, which are free during your application, can easily identify your usage as a marijuana user. Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is the chemical that shows up in blood between three and 14 days of use, or in urine up to a month after.
These tests are also a way for insurance companies to verify whether or not you're telling the truth about your usage. That said, it's important to be honest in your applications. Lying on your application is insurance fraud, and there are implications if you aren't honest, like:
- Your application can be denied
- The insurance provider can share your dishonesty with other providers
- If the fraud comes to light, your policy can be cancelled
Should the worse happen, your family can also lose out on a payout. Blood and urine tests are not the only ways for them to find out, as they'll likely request medical records that could also indicate any history of recreational or prescribed marijuana use.
What Questions do Life Insurance Companies Ask When it Comes to Marijuana?
Is marijuana a part of your lifestyle? Here's an idea of the kind of questions insurers will be asking when you apply for a life insurance policy:
- Do you use marijuana? If so, what type? In what quantity? How often?
- Is your marijuana use prescribed by a healthcare professional? If so, could you provide reasons why?
- Have you ever consulted a medical professional, received any treatment, or been recommended for treatment or counseling for drug use?
- Have your job duties been affected or restricted in any way due to drug use? Have you lost your job, or have you missed any time from work or school because of drug use?
- In your past, have you ever been hospitalized or treated for a drug overdose?
- Have you experienced or suffered from any medical condition or impairment related to your drug usage?
- Are you or have you ever been a member of Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous, or a similar association?
- Have you been charged with impaired driving or had your driver's license suspended, been arrested due to the influence of alcohol or drugs? Have you been required to attend court-ordered alcohol or drug awareness programs?
With marijuana's legalization, it has become part of the fabric of Canadian life. It has also found its place in the insurance landscape, as more and more data emerges and marijuana-related life insurance policies become more sophisticated.
Life insurance brokers can help shop around for the best policy to match your needs and lifestyle. Through PolicyMe, recreational marijuana users can qualify for instant approval, while referrals for an underwriter are specific to those who indicate moderate usage and those who use marijuana medically. With marijuana no longer a crime in the country, let's not forget to cover our bases and ensure our loved ones are protected in the long run.